I'm a big believer in spending minimally on dog toys, both because the novelty of any toy quickly wears off and because you get more variety if you assemble your own at home. This could be nothing more complicated than our latest favourite: a mesh shower ball (cheap and I happened to have one on hand) with my rather stretchy dressing-gown sash attached (I have other dressing gowns: it's fine for now). The result, as the pictures illustrate, is great bouncy fun. The ball and sash combo is wonderful for trailing, throwing, and bobbing over baby's head. It weighs almost nothing and is very tempting when you're about 9 weeks old. If she tires of this or I want my sash back, I can attach a different length of something else, or re-purpose the mesh ball in yet another toy/game. (I've never used it to clean myself with: it was a gift and has just hung in the shower stall as decoration.) Have a look at my Homemade Dog Toys & Games page for more suggestions about making your own fun.
We got Betsy last Thursday afternoon. This past week has been interesting for me because on the one hand, I knew what to expect, and on the other paw, Betsy's personality might turn out to be different in subtle ways from Chummy's. And this is proving to be true. She just woke up with a little squeal (followed by a yawn), and in general she is a big talker. She barks at her toys, and at me when excited by something I'm holding or showing her -- and I don't remember Chummy barking at all until she was considerably older. And then, Chummy tended to bark at external things, never at me. Betsy also trills at me, which I don't recall Chummy ever doing, either. (It's the sort of thing I'm pretty sure I'd remember.) Finally, Betsy makes 'exclamations' while playing that don't sound like a bark but more like 'oh!'. Chummy made all sorts of little noises as a pup, for sure, but Betsy just strikes me as being more vocal, in a slightly more various way at this stage. In other respects they are both very similar in looking and behaving like their breed. A Boxer dog is charming, vivacious, and handsome as a grown-up, but even as doglets they are still very much Boxers, with many hints of what is to come.
...was the official cause of my beautiful Chummy's death. It is so called -- or was: the current term is arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy or ARVC -- because it is a disease that shows up especially in Boxer dogs. The information sheets that I was given about this, when Chummy first went into the Intensive Care Unit on Christmas Day, stated that dogs at risk (I guess: I forget the specific language and no longer have the sheets) should not be bred. I believe this is wrong, quite strongly. Chummy did die of ARVC, according to the doctors, but she lived a slightly longer-than-average life for a Boxer (the usual span is 10-12 years, and she lived to be nearly 11 1/2). More than that, her life was happy, and she brought great joy to all that knew her. This would have been just as true if, god forbid, she had died at age nine, or six. She had a Boxer puppy friend, when we lived in Texas, who died at age three after inhaling fungal spores at his parents' cattle ranch. To state that some Boxers deserve to breed and that others don't, when they all will die eventually of something, strikes me as stupid, frankly.
1. Talk to them as if they can understand. Even if they can't at first -- they'll come along in time. Chummy was so canny we weren't even sure of ourselves spelling words out in letters, at times. (C - A - R)
2. Don't expect retrieval: the Boxer job is to find the frisbee/ball/bunny toy and stand over it so it doesn't get away. Retrieval is YOUR job.
3. Walks must be interesting in their own right or forget it. I have seen neighbours walk their dogs with a sense of duty and boredom round the block and a Boxer will simply not do that. Their attitude is: 'Show me the squirrel/rabbit/tortoise/waterfall/lake with birds in it or else don't bother'. Can't blame them, really.
4. You never have to insist. If you have to insist, grumpily, you aren't doing it right.
5. Play is the key to everything you want to instill.
6. Training is what you do to raise the Boxer: once raised, you can both nearly forget about it. A Boxer dog really does grow up in the sense that you can dispense with most commands, most of the time -- we did.
What no one tells you is that after you've thoroughly trained a dog, and they know your commands and even respond to them in the right ways, you can pretty much throw most of them out the window. I can't remember the last time I issued a command to my dearly departed darling. Sometimes I asked her to do things, such as put her paws up, to facilitate what I was trying to do (e.g. get her into the car). But basically, by the time Chummy was grown up she mostly did what she liked, and I spent almost no time ordering her or forbidding her to do things. I just talked to her as if she was human, and most of the time that was good enough.
There are, in my recollection, six key command words: SIT, NO, STAY, GIVE, COME ALONG and LEAVE IT. Out of those, SIT, GIVE and LEAVE IT were by far the most commonly used, in that order. SIT ensured control and curtailed any lurching behaviour. GIVE was used mainly in play, which was why she always dropped objects instantly: she had learned that, if it was a toy, I would immediately throw it again, which was great fun. But GIVE might also be essential if, for instance, darling had ever grabbed mother-in-law's handbag to play with (no, she never did that). LEAVE IT was useful for keeping darling safe from possibly toxic or damaging things. Sometimes I did use COME ALONG ('come' on its own is a dud command, with no sense of motion when you most want to suggest it!), but since Chummy really loved me, she didn't need much chivvying in that way.
So, when the new puppy comes home -- and it soon will -- I'm going to be lighthearted about teaching commands. They're great for engaging the puppy's mind, for establishing who's in charge, and for keeping the puppy safe. But they're really like the scaffolding you need to build a building: once the building is built, the scaffolding is done away with. The truly well-raised dog is not one that remembers all its early formal training, but one that hardly needs to remember at all.
I so often see that the Boxer dog is the fourth-most, or ninth-most, or other-most liked dog within (or outside of) a country's rankings. And in a way, it's better that the breed stay a bit lower down, in order that it won't be over-bred, badly handled by unscrupulous breeders, or in any way undervalued. A Boxer is a beautiful mind, as well as a silky, svelte, and muscular body. A Boxer dog is not for everybody, since not everybody is up to the task and the sacred duty of giving that dog a wonderful life.
I'll say it again: if you take a Boxer dog home, you have in your hands a sacred life. Live up to it: no god and no decent human will make excuses for you if you don't.
I get an odd feeling when I see pictures of my darling dog in what proved to be her last months (or even days) on Earth. Here is one from last summer, where she is playing a chase game involving a cardboard roll stuffed with a paper bag holding a treat. Her nose is wet, her face is happy, she's having a lovely time. So missing her!
I do and don't like the idea of 'owning' an animal. What I like is that it means you have complete legal right to live with the animal -- so long as you observe your moral duty to care for it. What I don't like is that animals are not handbags or benches: they cannot be indifferent to the question of who owns them. Yet a lot of people regard pet acquisition as a matter of checking off their own list of likes, set against another list of hates, as if it's all about them. They assess only the animal as a potential baby of the family; they don't really assess themselves as potential pet parents. Of course, parent- and home-assessment is the job of responsible breeders and animal-shelter personnel. But not every breeder really cares, and not all re-homings are well thought-through. So here is my checklist for potential owners. If any of these is a problem, you should wait for however long it takes until either your expectations and commitment or your circumstances change.
- Are you a neat freak and obsessively tidy? No, of course not: you're just properly house-proud. That's fine, but if you have a free-roaming animal such as a cat or dog or in some cases bird or rodent, you need to accept that there will be messes. (I sometimes think, with perfect equanimity, that one doesn't have a dog to make life more convenient.) Unless you are going to police all the furniture, you need to accept that there will be evidence, in fur and slobber, of your animal in most of the house. Nothing to stop you from making certain pieces of furniture 'off limits', but even this might be no protection, since a cat doesn't know an Eames chair from a mat in a shed, and cares just as little about scratches in either one. You can always buy furniture protectors, and dog blankets designed especially for your dog's side of the sofa or for an armchair. But that brings us to our next point, which is --
- Do you have a budget big enough to make doing the right thing unproblematic? Vet bills can be unexpectedly high for thorough, quality care. In my experience, the second-highest bills fall in puppyhood, on account of the vaccines and neutering/spaying that a puppy requires (and similar costs apply to a cat). The most expensive bills come in the dog's senior years, when more things start to go wrong and the consequences of not treating them become steeper. If you can't afford to pay the bills that keep your life hygienic and your pet's life comfortable and as healthy as possible, then now is not the time to get a pet.
- Are you healthy enough for the pet you want to keep? Some animals clearly require a good deal of physical engagement and fitness. Horses do; hamsters don't. Boxers do; Bichons don't. Be realistic about their needs and your energetic and attitudinal capacity to meet them. And then there is the question of longevity. Yours, not just the pet's. Are you going to be around 15 years from now for your cat? What will happen to the cat if you are seriously ill, incapacitated, or god forbid deceased in that time? No one can exactly predict the future, but if you can see a dark cloud on your health horizon, remember that it's not just your own life that's at stake.
- When the novelty or fun (or both) of having the pet deserts you, momentarily or for a longer time, do you have the commitment and devotion to stay the course, as you would for needy family members? I was given a lop-eared rabbit once, for Valentine's Day. It was a thoroughly charming and delightful gift, and for me as a student living out of one bedroom in a shared house, it was just as inappropriate. It would also have been wrong for me if I had been someone that travelled often, or was planning a move to a far-flung location. Pets, unlike children, are not easily portable. Having a pet affects what sort of holidays you can take, and whether you can stay in hotels or rent certain properties or not (animals are often banned, and that means you as well). Are you prepared to accept limits on your human freedom because you have a non-human family member?
As animal lovers we have to be sure that this is the right place, and the right period in our lives, to bring a vulnerable animal into it. We have to be sure not only that they are right for us, but also that we have enough to offer them, now and for all of their lives (god willing).
I was faintly appalled -- before I clicked off -- by a YouTube video in which the dog owner (I hate that word, but in his case it seems appropriate enough) makes his young dog go through a number of performances like a seal or dolphin at one of those aquatic parks, for the show-off value on a video. (I describe --and deride -- such a dog owner as The Show-Off, in my book, How To Train Your Human.) Anyway, I felt sorry for the dog. I noticed that the man had to reward with treats because the good feeling between him and the dog isn't enough, and also because there is no purpose to the commands. When I have ever given my darling commands -- and I rarely have to, these days, except for her own protection -- they have always had some sensible purpose or meaning behind them. I have never ordered her about just because I can. And that's what bothered me about this man's video. He wasn't respecting the dog and that dog's needs or the dog's perspective. It was all about him and his need to be Big Man On Campus. Oh, I feel sorry for dogs that must spend their whole lives in the shadow of shallow, vain people like that!
This is why I say: don't teach your pup the 'Down' command, as this man did. I don't know why 'Down' is even suggested to new dog owners: it is utterly useless. There is no reason ever to put a dog in a position where it is vulnerable -- lying on its belly like a sphinx -- instead of sitting prettily. Everything you need, in terms of attentiveness, restraint, and reassurance of strangers, can be accomplished with 'Sit'. I started to teach my girl 'Down' as an inexperienced dog mum, and abandoned it quickly because a) I could see that she didn't like it and wasn't taking to it, and b) I was suspicious about its utility anyway. It was a good judgement call on my part, and she and I have never looked back.
Now: 'Down' as a command to mean 'Get off' is an entirely different matter....
My thoughts have completely changed since my earlier idea of many months ago, through which I hoped to reduce Darling's weight by increasing the frequency of her meals but lowering her caloric intake overall.
Whatever the intent was, the consequence didn't happen. She didn't lose weight, and I am not at all sure that she actually took in fewer calories.
Not only that, but I am aware (as I should have been at the time, as I've known about insulin's effects from way back) that feeding frequently is likely to keep insulin boosted in the blood, which is not ideal. What one wants is a more occasional insulin release (from the pancreas), and a smaller insulin release in response to a less insulin-provocative food. The end result of all of this is LESS FAT STORAGE and healthier organs.
So now we are trying a different way -- now that Darling is approaching 10½. I'm trying to get her to accept one main meal a day, with some snacks here and there, but a long fast after her last meal and before the next mini-feeding the next day. If fasts help humans lose fat, boost their growth hormone, and improve their endocrine system overall, why shouldn't they help dogs as well?
Today's message is: if you have an older dog (or an injured dog, or one that is feeling a bit insecure or uncomfortable for any reason): bring the water to your dog, and bring the food.
Leaving a comfortable spot, when the joints are achy, might seem like too much trouble to a senior dog. Especially if it's bedtime and the moment for getting one last sip from the bowl seems to have passed. If you think your dog could possibly be thirsty, bring the bowl to your dog.
The same goes for meals. Many times I have failed to interest my 'senior' girl (now 9 1/2 years old) in her breakfast. But when I brought it to her place on the sofa, and wafted it under her nose, I got her to eat -- with accompanying noises of satisfaction.
If you have an older dog that seems finicky, give it a try!
I have visited this subject of pill-giving twice already, but it seems to be a sort of moving goalpost, so here are my two latest tricks.
Sweetheart has a urinary tract infection (which we discovered when her urine emerged intermittently with blood). The vet prescribed antibiotics, which come in a tablet that looks like a large flattened aspirin. I was not overly confident about being able to give my dog these pills, four a day for two whole weeks, without her balking at them quite early on. The vet tried out two very large edible pill pouches in beef flavour, and these did the trick. If they hadn't, she suggested serving them up in a thick dollop of beef-flavoured baby food (which my girl sampled there in the office and apparently liked). If these items failed when tried at home, the further suggestion was butter: coating a pill in a layer of butter helps to prevent any bitter-pill flavour from being detected.
Well, the pill pockets worked but we ran out of them. So I did the butter-ball thing, and that was all we needed. So if your dog is very clever about pills and doesn't want to take them, try coating each one in butter, then serve up in a stew or within the dog's regular meal. I did this (my girl is used to a lot of variety, so the presence of something new in her dish is not an automatic tip-off), and I think it all got accepted as food and thus there was no suspicious picking-through.
A friend in England tells me that peacocks are fond of cauliflower. Who would have guessed? And apart from being beautiful, it's probably the only thing they have in common with my darling dog. This may seem strange to you and me, but it's one of the few vegetables -- along with peas, corn, and green beans, basil and parsley -- that she really likes. Raw carrots lost their appeal some years ago: she will only eat them boiled or roasted. Apples used to be liked, in puppyhood; now they are poma non grata -- unless grated and served with a meal. Lettuce is an alien non-food to her. Broccoli also raises no interest, even though we're told that it's the same species as cauliflower, differently cultivated. She'll eat it green, white, purple or orange, but cauliflower it must be.
That brings me to my next thought, which is that when you have a dog, you develop funny unexpected habits. I'm thinking of the fact that I never, these days, just plonk down her meal (whether it's breakfast or dinner). I always announce it like a waiter: 'sardines with peanut butter and parsley'; 'fish with cheese and hot sauce', 'cauliflower cheese with chicken and hot sauce', 'egg with tallow, peas, and basil', 'tallow, chicken broth, and fish', 'yoghurt, gelatin, and beefburger', 'meatloaf!'. It's as if I've come to believe that the advert for the tastiness of what she is about to eat must be frank and enthusiastic. If it's not good enough to say aloud, in the slightly superior and triumphal tones of a posh waiter, then it's not good enough to serve in the first place!
I have had a very kind offer, by a close relative, to look after my dog for the duration of any holiday we might care to go on, my husband and I. Now, this relative and my dog are very fond of each other: that is really not the issue. But even though this person has had dogs (two, into old age) in the long-ago past, there are things that she may not remember. And I think that, especially, when you are an older more fragile person (in body and perhaps in spirit too in some ways), certain aspects of dog-care may be more than you bargained for.
For instance, my dog is now 9. That means that she is (like all of us that are not puppies) a little bit set in her ways. Perhaps the kindly relative likes her bed just so and her TV on loud (she's a bit deaf) and so on. But my dog likes bedtimes as we've always had them -- and that means sleeping in the bed with the humans. My relative has never done this before. What if she tries it and doesn't like it (the dog snores in the night, or her nails push in to the relative's flesh, or she takes up too much room, or leaves a lot of hair, or farts, as she probably will)? What then? Who should continue to suffer the consequences -- the relative or my dog?
Then there is the fact that my dog is very healthy and active and needs walks and activities, preferably something that allows her to frolic. I don't think that Elderly Relative is really up for any of that. So we'd have to hire a dog walker, and this person would have my darling's life in her hands while they were out together, and as I don't know any dog walkers personally, I don't think I would be entirely comfortable with that.
Also, being a rather senior dog at this point, and allergic to boot, my sweet girl sometimes does things that are not shall we say beneficial to the décor. While we were travelling this summer, she barfed once but somewhat extensively into the crevices of the back seat of our brand new car. That took a two-person effort at wiping, hoovering, brushing, and washing, let me tell you. Then there is the allergy-provoked incontinence. A full bladder's-worth of widdle on the floor (follow the puddles)? Our girl can do. To say nothing of the indoor sickness that doesn't always manage to avoid the rugs or my shoes or whatever else might be on the floor. How would Elderly Relative, with her immaculate rugs and sofas, handle that?
And if my girl needed taking to the vet in an emergency at 2 in the morning, would my relative be up for that? (This is not an unlikely scenario. When my dog had a cough that wouldn't stop, some years ago, we felt that we couldn't take the risk of waiting and at 2 a.m. we were out on the town looking for the all-night dog doc. And of course, as soon as we got there, the coughing stopped!) Even on our most recent summer vacation, we had an unexpected visit to the vet when we spotted blood drops on the carpet that had come from her tail. She also recently had an eye cloud that bloomed within a few days into a serious eye ulcer (the latter detectable only by doctor's examination). Would Elderly Relative notice problems -- and react -- as quickly as we do? Conversely, would she overreact, putting our dog through all kinds of tests that she really didn't need -- and hated?
This is just the prosaic stuff, of course. There is also the emotional connection -- the fact that I can know what Chummy needs by just glancing at her; that I am inclined to put myself out for her benefit; that I am willing and happy to pamper her. I know her, as much as anyone can know a darling of another species. I would risk myself to save her life, but Elderly Relative would not. And then too there is the simple fact that no one but Mummy and Daddy can be Mummy and Daddy. We are simply the two people in the world she loves the most. And if we left her, she might easily believe that we were never coming back.
Dinners -- and breakfasts -- had become difficult again, perhaps owing to the change of kibble (we hadn't brought the usual from home on our travels, and that was a mistake), and perhaps also to the change of surroundings. But even when we obtained a kibble that our dog had had in recent memory, and which we knew she liked, the enthusiasm for mealtimes just wasn't there.
So I've had to adapt.
The meals I serve now have minimal water added, so the effect is one of gravy rather than shallow soup, in the old style of Mummy's offerings (I'm Mummy, in case you hadn't guessed). I still provide lots of variety of toppings, but the kibble is briefly stir-fried in fat and sprinkled round and on top of them instead of sitting on the bottom of the bowl -- where it can be more easily avoided. Also, I simply don't give as much kibble, despite what the package advises (and I was already serving on the low side of recommendations, on account of the fresh food that makes up the difference).
How do eggs come into this?
Eggs are a powerful food, and I don't know a single person, on two legs or four, that doesn't love them.
So if you're serving a dog's dinner and it's got egg and the dog still doesn't like it, you know you're doing something wrong. And it's not the egg's fault: an egg is always welcome. That's why I knew I had to up my game. Darling had changed her requirements and my usual gambit of chucking an egg on top was not going to do it. Now, we're having smaller meals and more of them, and we're having them less soupy, and we're adding more fats (possibly because the kibble-makers are committed to the idea that fats are bad, and my dog instinctively knows better).
But I still love eggs, and for most dog feeding challenges, I still advise: boil an egg. If you want a treat for your dog that has nothing manmade in it, and is utterly wholesome and satisfying: boil an egg. If you're on the road and feeding opportunities are limited: boil an egg. It's easy to transport and easy to give and it goes down the gullet just as well, however uneasy your dog might feel in transit. (My girl is a champion traveller, relaxed and no trouble at all, but then she is very seasoned, and it was more difficult when she was a puppy and we all had much less experience!) If your dog is feeling unwell or has just had a nasty shock of some kind (visit to the vet, harsh words with another dog) then feed her an egg. Egg with rice and poultry is a lovely soft combination, easy to digest. Of course, scrambled or fried eggs will be most welcome, too. Your dog might also appreciate the variety. But if you keep a couple of boiled eggs in the refrigerator, you're always ready, whatever the circumstance. Run out of treats for your prince or princess? You know my answer: some egg!
I thought I was an expert on how to give a dog a pill. In one of my posts below, I even gave confident advice about it.
And then something happened.
My dogter got savvy. She knew all the tricks in the book. She decided to sift for pills, and she learned how to block them and spit them up -- even AFTER I had silently felt the triumph of giving one to her. At the age of 8 and three quarters, she has become an inviolable castle that no pill can penetrate. The only exception proved to be an antihistamine -- but that is the size of a short grain of rice. Most pills are considerably larger.
This pill-refusal was a problem for me, for two reasons. Firstly, trying to force a pill down a dog's throat (tilting the head with a treat and trying to plunge the pill in at the same time) is both unpleasant for everybody and pointless: if your dog is a Houdini of tablets, you will not succeed, but after some frothing from the bad taste, your dog will deposit the pill on the floor. Where -- according to your dog -- it belongs. Secondly, we humans are willing to take 'a spoonful of sugar' to 'make the medicine go down', and why should a dog not have the equivalent? Why should my dog not have the pain relief in amongst her meal? Of course I tried that, in pill form, and she wouldn't touch her meal at all. But then I found the solution.
Tramadol is a powerful drug. But eye ulcers are painful, and as long as one does not overdose, a dollop of Tramadol may be the answer to pain and the accompanying urge to rub -- which is not helpful for the healing of the ulcer. I didn't detect much discomfort in my girl, but she is not a complainer and I knew that this was not a picnic in the park for her. On the other hand, she rejected pills whenever she could detect them, which was nearly always. How was I going to help her? As I told the vet, I can squirt nearly anything ON her, but trying to put medicine IN her is an entirely different matter.
Fortunately Tramadol comes in liquid form. Just as essentially, it can be flavoured and thus properly disguised. I asked for chicken flavour. And today, squirting a trial amount on some chicken chunks, I found that the medicine went down. Not before my girl tested for pills, of course. She is as savvy as they come.
Update: So savvy that the liquid 'solution' of medicine-giving only worked ONCE. The next time I tried it, she refused to eat her dinner. Back to Square One. I gave her pills again but I didn't try to give them whole: I broke them in half. It seems so obvious. but when they are fairly small and you are anxious to get the medicine in, such simple expedients can be forgotten. I may have to get through quite a lot of treat to get one-and-a-half pills ingested as three doses, but so what? Anything, so long as it works!
My 'girlfriend', as I call her, is more than 8 ½ years old. She is an active, alert dog, but movement for its own sake is less important to her than it used to be. Very often, when we arrive at one of our several haunts, she likes nothing better than to plonk herself down in the grass, to sniff and watch the world go by. I usually indulge her in this, even though I try to get her moving, as well. But in any case, we can't stay there all day -- she in the grass with her nose in the air, me standing or on the grass beside her, with my eyes on my Kindle. At some point, I have to get on with other things. But she often won't get up right away. And yesterday she wouldn't budge at all.
I had to decide what step then to take. I really thought we'd had enough time out, and I really did want to get back home. So I had a choice: to get quite noisy and sergeant-majorish while tugging on her lead. Or: to go in the opposite direction of quietness, gentleness, and withdrawal. I chose the latter, and slipped the collar over her head so that the physical connection between us was broken. Then I walked off with the lead, saying 'goodbye' and heading for the car. It only took a few moments of that before she had got up and was following.
She needed that connection, the safety and comfort of having me beside her. I used the lead as a means to having my own way -- but by removing it and giving her the 'choice' of staying or coming. In the end, what she wants more than anything is to be with me. So both of us were happy.
In an earlier post I argued that dogs understand words in much the same way as very small children do -- as symbolic sounds. By 'symbolic' I mean something a bit more sophisticated than merely associating sounds with phenomena: a bobcat could hear the shriek of a bird, for instance, and know that some other predator has got its dinner. A symbolic sound is not only artificial, in that there is no necessary connection between the particular sound and what it means, but it also has a certain 'shape' that is independent of individual pronunciations. This sounds a bit highflown but it isn't really: I'm just saying that dogs, like children, can recognize a word despite the many slight variations in sound that come when different people speak.
Certainly, my dog responds in the same way to the same words despite the fact that I have an English-American accent (more English in some respects and more American in others), while my husband is fully American. My pronunciation of 'water' is different from his. Other words that differ slightly include 'doggy', 'go', 'paw', and 'hurry' (I say HUH-ry; he says HER-y). Since I was responsible for most of Chummy's training -- I was at home during the day so it naturally fell to me -- I was also responsible for teaching her most of the words she knows. That means that she learned them by listening to my accent. Yet she had no difficulty in understanding the words as spoken by her other main human, even though his accent is very distinct from mine. His mother's New York accent is distinct from both of ours, in turn. But Chummy readily understands what is being said to her, regardless of who is saying it. And that suggests to me that she understands words as having a certain quality beyond mere intonation. The fact that words have an independence from any given speaker strikes me as a strikingly humanlike characteristic in dogs that are assumed to be not that clever about language.
Doggy. Cat. Tortoise. Three words I think I forgot to mention below that are known by my girl with floppy ears and that definitely get a response from her. Doggies are more generally interesting, rain or shine. Tortoises can be a particular hobby or obsession. Cats are of interest, though generally less so than either doggies or tortoises. My girl will judge a cat on its individual merits: one cat that was very calm and receptive to everyone seemed to be like Valium to dogdom: there was nothing to do but look at her with a kind of wonder. Other cats get Chummy going as if they had a Dinner -- Just Kidding! sign on them. Tortoises inspire great curiosity and fascination. Beyond that, it's all in a dog's mind.